27 Ağustos 2015 Perşembe

İngilizce Zamanlar Tablosu

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Sizlere bu konumuzda İngilizce Zamanlar Tablosunu vereceğiz.
Umarım yararlı olacaktır aşağıda vermiş olduğumuz döküman.
Renkli olarak anlatımını yaptık. 
Yararlı olması dileğiyle.

İNGİLİZCE ZAMANLAR TABLOSU

1 - PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – ŞİMDİKİ ZAMAN  -yapıyorum
POSITIVE:  (+) Subject + BE (am is are) + Verb-ING 
NEGATIVE:  (-) Subject + BE NOT (am not isn't aren't) + Verb-ING 
QUESTION:  (?) BE (am is are) + Subject + Verb-ING ? 
NEGATIVE QUESTION:  (-?) BE NOT (isn't aren't) + Subject + Verb-ING ?  

2 - SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE – GENİŞ ZAMAN    -yaparım
POSITIVE (+):     I, you, we, they + verb / (he,she,it + verbs)    
NEGATIVE(-):  I, you, we, they + don't verb (he, she, it + doesn't Verb)
QUESTION(?):  Do + I, you, we, they + verb ? (does +  he, she, it + Verb ?
NEGATIVE QUESTION(-?):  Don't + I, you, we, they + verb? (doesn't + he, she, it + verb ?

3 - SIMPLE PAST TENSE – Dİ’Lİ GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN  -yaptım
POSITIVE: (+): I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + verb2                      
NEGATIVE (-): I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + didn't + verb1                
QUESTION (?): Did + I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + verb1 ?              
NEGATIVE QUEST.(-?): Didn't + I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + verb 1? 

4 - (SIMPLE) FUTURE TENSE (GELECEK ZAMAN) -yapacağım, -yaparım
POSITIVE: (+): I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + will + verb                      
NEGATIVE:  (-): I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + will not (won't) + verb    
QUESTION: (?) Will + I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + verb ?                  
NEGATIVE-QUESTION: (-?) Won't + I, you,he,she, it, we, you, they + verb ?   
NOT: İngliz ingilizcesinde halen kullanılmakta olan biçimiyle bir de will yerine shall'de kullanılmaktadır.  

5 - PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (ŞİMDİKİ ZAMANIN HİKAYESİ) -yapıyordum
POSITIVE:  (+)     I, he, she, it + was + verb-ing  /  we, you, they + were + verb-ing
NEGATIVE: (-) I,he,she,it + was not (wasn't)verb-ing / You,we,they + were not (weren't) + verb-ing.
QUESTION(?): Was + I, he, she, it + verb-ing ? / Were we, you, they + verb-ing?    
NEGATIVE QUESTION (-?):  Wasn't + I, he, she, it + verb-ing ? / weren't + we, you, they + verb-ing?

6 - BE GOING TO  - YAKIN (KESİN) GELECEK ZAMAN  -yapacağım(kesin)
ÖZNE + BE GOING TO + FİİL (YALIN)  (be: am, is, are)
POS.(+): I + am going to + verb  /  he, she, it + is going to + verb  /  we, you, they + are going to + verb
NEG.(-):  I+ am not going to + verb  /  he,she,it + isn't going to + verb / You, we, they + aren't not going to + verb 
QUES.(?): Am + I + going to + verb  /  Is + he, she, it + going to + verb ? / Are + we, you, they + going to + verb?
NEG.QUEST(-?): Aren't + I + going to + verb  /  Isn't + he, she, it + going to + verb ? / Aren't + we, you, they + going to + verb?

"BE GOING TO"   Kalıbının PAST (Geçmiş zamanda) kullanılışı. (-yapacaktım
Önceden yapılmak istenmiş ancak yapılamamış bir eylemianlatmak için kullanılır.
Cümlede "be" fiilinin geçmiş zaman biçimi olan was ve were ile "going to" kullanılır.
 Örnek:
I was going to watch TV yesterday evening. / Dün akşiam TV'de maç izleyecektim.
They were going to buy a new car last week. /  Onlar geçen hafta yeni bir araba alacaklardı.

7- FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE - SÜREGELEN GELECEK ZAMAN (-Yapıyor olacağım)
POSITIVE(+): I, you, he, she, we, you, they + will be + verb-ing
NEGATIVE(-):  I, you, he, she, we, you, they + won't be + verb-ing
QUESTION(?): Will + I, you, he, she, we, you, they + be + verb-ing
NEGATIVE QUESTION(-?): Won't + I, you, he, she, we, you, they + be + verb-ing
Soru Sözcüklü Soru Cümlesi: Soru sözcüğü(what) + will + Özne + be + fiil(-ing)
Will I be reading? / Okuyor olacak mıyım?

8- FUTURE PERFECT TENSE - GELECEK-ÖNCESİ ZAMAN (-Yapmış olacağım)
POSITIVE(+):  I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + will have + verb-3
NEGATIVE(-):  I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + won't have + verb-3
QUESTION(?): will + I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + have + verb-3
NEGATIVE QUESTION(-?): won't + I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + have + verb-3
SORU SÖZCÜKLÜ SORU CÜMLESİ: Soru Sözcüğü + will + özne + have + Fiil-3 (Ne yapmış olacağım?)

9- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE – YAKIN GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN (-yaptım -bulundum)
POSITIVE(+): I, you, we, they + have + verb3  /  he, she, it + has + verb3
NEGATIVE(-): I, you, we, you, they + haven't + verb3 / he, she, it + hasn't + verb3
QUESTION(?): Have + I, you, you, they + verb3 ? /  Has + he, she, it, we + verb 3 ?
NEGATIVE QUESTION (-?):  Haven't + I, you, we, you, they + verb3 ?  /  Hasn't + he, she, it + verb3 ? 

10 - PAST PERFECT TENSE – MİŞ’Lİ GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN  -yapmıştım
POSITIVE(+): I, you, we, they + had + verb3 / he, she, it + had + verb3
NEGATIVE(-): I, you, we, you, they + hadn't + verb3 / he, she, it + hadn't + verb3 
QUESTION(?): Had + I, you, you, they + verb3 ? / Had + he, she, it, we + verb 3 ?  
NEGATIVE QUESTION(-?): Hadn't + I, you, we, you, they + verb3 ? / Hadn't + he, she, it + verb3 ?

11 - PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE    -mekteyim, maktayım  
POSITIVE(+): I, you, we, they + have been + verb-ing / he, she, it + has been + verb-ing
QUESTION(?): have + I, you, we, they + been + verb-ing? / has + he, she, it + been + verb-ing?
NEGATIVE(-):I, you, we, they + haven’t been + verb-ing / he, she, it + hasn’t been + verb-ing

12 - PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE  –mekteydim -maktaydım
POSITIVE(+): I, you, we, they, he, she, it + had been + verb-ing       
QUESTION(?): had + I, you, we, they, he, she, it + been + verb-ing?  
NEGATIVE(-):I, you, we, they, he, she, it + hadn’t been + verb-ing

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